A cruise ship or cruise liner is a passenger ship used for pleasure long journey to long places by sea. Cruise ships are organized much like floating hotels, with a complete hospitality staff in addition to the usual ship's crew. It is not uncommon for the most luxurious ships to have more crew and staff than passengers. In Cruise Ship the journey itself and the ship's amenities are part of the experience. Now these days Cruising has become a major part of the tourism industry, with millions of passengers each year traveling with Cruise Ships. The number of cruise tourists worldwide in 2008 was estimated at some 20 millio. Cruise ships operate mostly on routes that return passengers to their originating port. In contrast, dedicated transport oriented ocean liners do "line voyages" and typically transport passengers from one point to another, rather than on round trips. Some cruise ships also engage in longer trips which may not lead back to the same port for many months also called longer round trips.
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History of Cruise Ship
The first vessel built exclusively for this purpose was the Prinzessin Victoria Luise, designed by Albert Ballin, general manager of Hamburg-America Line. The ship was completed in 1900. Initially the growth of Cruise Ship was centered around the Caribbean, Alaska, and Mexico, but now encompasses all areas of the globe. Today, several hundred cruise ships ply routes worldwide. And even larger vessels are on the horizon.
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The Biggest Cruise Ship of the World
The biggest passenger cruise ships are the Freedom class vessels owned and operated by Royal Caribbean International; these are MS Freedom of the Seas, MS Liberty of the Seas and MS Independence of the Seas. A fourth ship is expected by 2011. Freedom of the Seas is 1,112 feet (339 m) long, sits 209 feet (64 m) above the water line, and measures 160,000 gross tons.
The Largest Cruise Ship in the Future
Royal Caribbean plans to continue offering the largest ships with the new Oasis class of ships. When complete, the MS Oasis of the Seas and MS Allure of the Seas will be 1,181 feet (360 m) long, sit 213 feet (65 m) above the water line, and measure 220,000 gross tons.
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